[Trouble Shooting] Cannot Use Library In Jupyter Notebook


Python 3.8.4
pip 20.1.1


I installed “matblotlib” by using pip3 command on the terminal as below. I can import matplotlib on the terminal.

% pip3 install matplotlib 
% python3
Python 3.8.4 (default, Jul 14 2020, 02:58:48) 
[Clang 11.0.3 (clang-1103.0.32.62)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import matplotlib

In jupyter notebook,

import matplotlib
ModuleNotFoundError                       Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-3-0484cd13f94d> in <module>
----> 1 import matplotlib

ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'matplotlib'

Check the situation

The reference path for jupyter notebook might differ from the one of host python3.

Jupyter notebook refers the python 3.8 in jupyterlab/2.2.0/libexec/lib

import sys

3.8.4 (default, Jul 14 2020, 02:58:48) 
[Clang 11.0.3 (clang-1103.0.32.62)]
['/usr/local/Cellar/jupyterlab/2.2.0/libexec/lib/python38.zip', '/usr/local/Cellar/jupyterlab/2.2.0/libexec/lib/python3.8', '/usr/local/Cellar/jupyterlab/2.2.0/libexec/lib/python3.8/lib-dynload', '/usr/local/opt/python@3.8/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.8/lib/python3.8', '', '/usr/local/Cellar/jupyterlab/2.2.0/libexec/lib/python3.8/site-packages', '/usr/local/Cellar/jupyterlab/2.2.0/libexec/lib/python3.8/site-packages/IPython/extensions', '/Users/<username>/.ipython']

On terminal, Python3 is in /usr/local/Cellar.

>>> import sys
>>> print(sys.version)
>>> print(sys.path)

3.8.4 (default, Jul 14 2020, 02:58:48) 
[Clang 11.0.3 (clang-1103.0.32.62)]

['', '/usr/local/Cellar/python@3.8/3.8.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.8/lib/python38.zip', '/usr/local/Cellar/python@3.8/3.8.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.8/lib/python3.8', '/usr/local/Cellar/python@3.8/3.8.4/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.8/lib/python3.8/lib-dynload', '/usr/local/lib/python3.8/site-packages']


In my case, the problem caused by homebrew. Installation of Jupyter Lab or Jupyter Notebook with brew command caused the different reference to python3 as above.

We can check the list of installed items with the following command on the terminal.

% brew list
autoconf	ipython		openssl@1.1	python@3.8	xz
flake8		jupyterlab	pandoc		readline	zeromq
gdbm		libyaml		perl		ruby
gettext		lua		pkg-config	sqlite
icu4c		node		pyenv		vim


My solutions is to uninstall jupyterlab with brew command and install it again with pip3.

% brew uninstall jupyterlab
Uninstalling /usr/local/Cellar/jupyterlab/2.2.0... (7,150 files, 106.8MB)

% python3 -m pip install jupyterlab
Collecting jupyterlab
  Downloading jupyterlab-3.1.7-py3-none-any.whl (8.5 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 8.5 MB 136 kB/s 

Start Jupyter Lab from the terminal.

% jupyter lab

I found another it could be a solution for similar problem to install ipykernel. Check ModuleNotFound Error for matplotlib for detail.